Proposed Constitution

Hope for the future

ARTICLE II: THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

 
 

SECTION 1: The President

a. Election and Term Limits for Executive Branch

The Executive Power shall be vested in a President of the Republic of America. A person shall hold the office of President for a term of four years. There shall be no term limits on the Office of President. Such person shall select a Vice-President during the initial campaign for this Office; thereafter, at any time, at the President’s own discretion, the President may appoint a different Vice-President.

What time of year can I get my project done?


We work year-round. we understand we may get wet, some of us enjoy it! We take as many precautions as we can with each project. We typically do not pour in the rain or freezing temperatures, although we have learned to work with and around the weather to get things done. Know this- the quality of your project is more important to us than schedule or risking a bad outcome.




Do we need rebar or other reinforcement?


Yes. We use rebar, or some kind of reinforcement on almost every job. We know, as concrete professinals, that concrete cracks. Once it does crack, we need to keep it from separating. We have all seen cracks in concrete that have become trip hzards- rebar helps prevent that. The only jobs that we do not use reinforcement are typically municipal sidewalks and driveway approaches- as they will not allow. (easier to tear out?)




How thick do you pour concrete?


We typically pour driveways, patios, walkways at 4'' thick. This has worked well for standard residential traffic. On some commercial work and City work thicker concrete is required for heavy vehicle traffic. If it is a wall or foundation we are pouring, the thickness is typically determined by the load that is going to be applied. We can help you determine what thickness would be requred.




Do we need an aggregate base under our concrete?


Typically you do. Here in the Willamette Valley we have some very expansive clay soils. We install a 4'' crushed rock base under all driveways and 2'' crushed rock under patios and walkways. Proper compaction of the rock base gives you a solid foundation for your slab. The rock base provides you with a buffer between the expansive (moving) clay soil and the concrete slab. The rock base also provides a drainage layer, as clays are slow to drain. When installing concrete footings below the frost line, we do not always need a rock base in those cases.




Do we need to cure the concrete?


Typically you do. We spray cure/seal on most all flatwork after the final finishing steps. The cure/ seal forms a membrane (usualy clear) that protects the concrete drying too quickly from the sun, wind, etc. Other ways to cure concrete could be water cure (ponding, sprinkler, etc.) or plastic sheeting. There are drawbacks /benefits and different applications for all types of curing. Your concrete professional should be able to explain options for your specific project.




Is sealing the concrete necessary?


With some finishes, Yes. Concrete sealer is designed to be applied after 28 days of concrete curing. Some finishes- stamped, stained, etc, need a sealer to act as the wear surface from vehicles, foot traffic, rain, etc. If the sealer layer is not kept up/ maintained, the wear surface becomes the top layer of concrete - the cement and color. this will eventually leave you with a worn surface and little to no color left. Some finishes do not require a sealer as a wear surface as much as others, but sealers also help bring out the aggregate color, give a satin sheen, protect the concrete from freeze thaw cycles, and help prevent staining.




Do we need "joints" or "cut lines" in our concrete?


Yes. Concrete cracks. Joints- whether hand cut or saw cut are meant to control the cracking. These joints are approximately a 1/4 depth of the concrete thickness. These joints give the concrete a weakened plane in which to crack. As concrete professionals, we apply our knowledge of concrete cracking rules. This allows us to layout each projects joints to minimize the chance of a stray crack. If a stray crack does happen (which is possible even with great planning and workmanship) cracks can not open up because of the rebar that is installed as well.




Why is Campbell Concrete's price higher (or lower) than other concrete companies I have bids from?


Usually it is rare to really have an "apples to apples" comparison. We all see things differently, and have unique ways to tackle each project. At Campbell Concrete, we try to give you the best value for the materials and installation workmanship. We stand behind our work, and have great pride to live and serve in the local communities. We have extensive knowledge in our chiosen field, and will work with you to get your project done in a timely matter and with professionalism.





b. Election by Majority of Popular 

The President shall be elected or re-elected every four years by the majority vote of the legally Registered Voters.

NOTE


There can never be a time when Presidential powers and responsibilities are not covered. Congress needs the power to temporarily appoint a person to cover for the President if that person and his or her Vice-President both become incapable, for any reason, of performing Presidential responsibilities. Because Congress cannot act without a consensus of unanimity, the people’s Representatives will more likely ensure that a proper person is temporarily appointed as President. The six-month mandate ensures that the people continue to have their power over the person who becomes President. It can never become a choice that only 600 (500 House Representatives and 100 Senators) people make.





c. Executive Office Citizenship Requirements.

No person, except a constitutionally designated Citizen of the Republic of America, and who has been a Citizen for at least twenty (20) years, shall be eligible for the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible for that Office who shall not have attained to the age of forty (40) years.

What time of year can I get my project done?


We work year-round. we understand we may get wet, some of us enjoy it! We take as many precautions as we can with each project. We typically do not pour in the rain or freezing temperatures, although we have learned to work with and around the weather to get things done. Know this- the quality of your project is more important to us than schedule or risking a bad outcome.




Do we need rebar or other reinforcement?


Yes. We use rebar, or some kind of reinforcement on almost every job. We know, as concrete professinals, that concrete cracks. Once it does crack, we need to keep it from separating. We have all seen cracks in concrete that have become trip hzards- rebar helps prevent that. The only jobs that we do not use reinforcement are typically municipal sidewalks and driveway approaches- as they will not allow. (easier to tear out?)




How thick do you pour concrete?


We typically pour driveways, patios, walkways at 4'' thick. This has worked well for standard residential traffic. On some commercial work and City work thicker concrete is required for heavy vehicle traffic. If it is a wall or foundation we are pouring, the thickness is typically determined by the load that is going to be applied. We can help you determine what thickness would be requred.




Do we need an aggregate base under our concrete?


Typically you do. Here in the Willamette Valley we have some very expansive clay soils. We install a 4'' crushed rock base under all driveways and 2'' crushed rock under patios and walkways. Proper compaction of the rock base gives you a solid foundation for your slab. The rock base provides you with a buffer between the expansive (moving) clay soil and the concrete slab. The rock base also provides a drainage layer, as clays are slow to drain. When installing concrete footings below the frost line, we do not always need a rock base in those cases.




Do we need to cure the concrete?


Typically you do. We spray cure/seal on most all flatwork after the final finishing steps. The cure/ seal forms a membrane (usualy clear) that protects the concrete drying too quickly from the sun, wind, etc. Other ways to cure concrete could be water cure (ponding, sprinkler, etc.) or plastic sheeting. There are drawbacks /benefits and different applications for all types of curing. Your concrete professional should be able to explain options for your specific project.




Is sealing the concrete necessary?


With some finishes, Yes. Concrete sealer is designed to be applied after 28 days of concrete curing. Some finishes- stamped, stained, etc, need a sealer to act as the wear surface from vehicles, foot traffic, rain, etc. If the sealer layer is not kept up/ maintained, the wear surface becomes the top layer of concrete - the cement and color. this will eventually leave you with a worn surface and little to no color left. Some finishes do not require a sealer as a wear surface as much as others, but sealers also help bring out the aggregate color, give a satin sheen, protect the concrete from freeze thaw cycles, and help prevent staining.




Do we need "joints" or "cut lines" in our concrete?


Yes. Concrete cracks. Joints- whether hand cut or saw cut are meant to control the cracking. These joints are approximately a 1/4 depth of the concrete thickness. These joints give the concrete a weakened plane in which to crack. As concrete professionals, we apply our knowledge of concrete cracking rules. This allows us to layout each projects joints to minimize the chance of a stray crack. If a stray crack does happen (which is possible even with great planning and workmanship) cracks can not open up because of the rebar that is installed as well.




Why is Campbell Concrete's price higher (or lower) than other concrete companies I have bids from?


Usually it is rare to really have an "apples to apples" comparison. We all see things differently, and have unique ways to tackle each project. At Campbell Concrete, we try to give you the best value for the materials and installation workmanship. We stand behind our work, and have great pride to live and serve in the local communities. We have extensive knowledge in our chiosen field, and will work with you to get your project done in a timely matter and with professionalism.





d. Executive Incapacitation

In case of the removal of the President from Office, or of that person’s death, resignation, or inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of such Office, the same shall devolve on the Vice-President the duties of the Office of President. Congress may, by law, provide for any Case of Removal, both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President; and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the disability is removed, or until a new President is elected. Congress shall ensure that the elections of the President’s replacement are held within six months of the date of the President’s removal or permanent disability.

NOTE


There can never be a time when Presidential powers and responsibilities are not covered. Congress needs the power to temporarily appoint a person to cover for the President if that person and his or her Vice-President both become incapable, for any reason, of performing Presidential responsibilities. Because Congress cannot act without a consensus of unanimity, the people’s Representatives will more likely ensure that a proper person is temporarily appointed as President. The six-month mandate ensures that the people continue to have their power over the person who becomes President. It can never become a choice that only 600 (500 House Representatives and 100 Senators) people make.





e. Executive Compensation

The President shall receive, for that person’s services, a compensation equal to twice the amount allowed by law for members of Congress, which shall not be diminished during the period for which that person has been elected; and, for each period of four years for which that person is re-elected as President, that person shall receive a 25% increase for each subsequent four-year term. The President shall not receive within any period, any other emolument, of any kind, from any person or entity, domestic or foreign. Neither the President nor the VicePresident shall receive a pension of any kind, at any time, for their public service.

NOTE


The only way that the Military and law enforcement agencies are going to be accountable to those whom they serve—the people—is to place their ultimate authority in the hands of a person fully accountable to the people. The people can replace the President every four years and demand full accountability of those who have the guns and the power of force over them. This article gives the President the immediate power, without approval of Congress, to react to any threat, foreign or domestic, that has violated the laws that protect the people.





f. Presidential Oath of Office

Before a person enters on the execution of the Office of the President, that person and that person’s elected Vice-President shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President (Vice-President) of the Republic, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of America.”

NOTE


The only way that the Military and law enforcement agencies are going to be accountable to those whom they serve—the people—is to place their ultimate authority in the hands of a person fully accountable to the people. The people can replace the President every four years and demand full accountability of those who have the guns and the power of force over them. This article gives the President the immediate power, without approval of Congress, to react to any threat, foreign or domestic, that has violated the laws that protect the people.





SECTION 2: Powers of the President

a. Supreme Commander of the Military and Law Enforcement

TO hold the Office of Commander in Chief of the Militia of the Republic and the same Office of the Federal Law Enforcement Agency, as adopted under Article IV, Section 4(b.) of this Constitution; TO appoint and remove any Officers of the Militia or Federal Law Enforcement Agency; TO respond to any form of aggression or repression, both foreign and domestic, against the Republic, its laws, or any of its people, whenever and wherever they may be located throughout the earth.

NOTE


The only way that the Military and law enforcement agencies are going to be accountable to those whom they serve—the people—is to place their ultimate authority in the hands of a person fully accountable to the people. The people can replace the President every four years and demand full accountability of those who have the guns and the power of force over them. This article gives the President the immediate power, without approval of Congress, to react to any threat, foreign or domestic, that has violated the laws that protect the people.





b. Executive Power to Enforce Constitutional Law

TO appoint and remove any Officers of the government of the Republic, except those otherwise designated by this Constitution; and TO assign their particular duties, and establish their protocols and proceedings, in support of the laws of this Constitution.

What time of year can I get my project done?


We work year-round. we understand we may get wet, some of us enjoy it! We take as many precautions as we can with each project. We typically do not pour in the rain or freezing temperatures, although we have learned to work with and around the weather to get things done. Know this- the quality of your project is more important to us than schedule or risking a bad outcome.




Do we need rebar or other reinforcement?


Yes. We use rebar, or some kind of reinforcement on almost every job. We know, as concrete professinals, that concrete cracks. Once it does crack, we need to keep it from separating. We have all seen cracks in concrete that have become trip hzards- rebar helps prevent that. The only jobs that we do not use reinforcement are typically municipal sidewalks and driveway approaches- as they will not allow. (easier to tear out?)




How thick do you pour concrete?


We typically pour driveways, patios, walkways at 4'' thick. This has worked well for standard residential traffic. On some commercial work and City work thicker concrete is required for heavy vehicle traffic. If it is a wall or foundation we are pouring, the thickness is typically determined by the load that is going to be applied. We can help you determine what thickness would be requred.




Do we need an aggregate base under our concrete?


Typically you do. Here in the Willamette Valley we have some very expansive clay soils. We install a 4'' crushed rock base under all driveways and 2'' crushed rock under patios and walkways. Proper compaction of the rock base gives you a solid foundation for your slab. The rock base provides you with a buffer between the expansive (moving) clay soil and the concrete slab. The rock base also provides a drainage layer, as clays are slow to drain. When installing concrete footings below the frost line, we do not always need a rock base in those cases.




Do we need to cure the concrete?


Typically you do. We spray cure/seal on most all flatwork after the final finishing steps. The cure/ seal forms a membrane (usualy clear) that protects the concrete drying too quickly from the sun, wind, etc. Other ways to cure concrete could be water cure (ponding, sprinkler, etc.) or plastic sheeting. There are drawbacks /benefits and different applications for all types of curing. Your concrete professional should be able to explain options for your specific project.




Is sealing the concrete necessary?


With some finishes, Yes. Concrete sealer is designed to be applied after 28 days of concrete curing. Some finishes- stamped, stained, etc, need a sealer to act as the wear surface from vehicles, foot traffic, rain, etc. If the sealer layer is not kept up/ maintained, the wear surface becomes the top layer of concrete - the cement and color. this will eventually leave you with a worn surface and little to no color left. Some finishes do not require a sealer as a wear surface as much as others, but sealers also help bring out the aggregate color, give a satin sheen, protect the concrete from freeze thaw cycles, and help prevent staining.




Do we need "joints" or "cut lines" in our concrete?


Yes. Concrete cracks. Joints- whether hand cut or saw cut are meant to control the cracking. These joints are approximately a 1/4 depth of the concrete thickness. These joints give the concrete a weakened plane in which to crack. As concrete professionals, we apply our knowledge of concrete cracking rules. This allows us to layout each projects joints to minimize the chance of a stray crack. If a stray crack does happen (which is possible even with great planning and workmanship) cracks can not open up because of the rebar that is installed as well.




Why is Campbell Concrete's price higher (or lower) than other concrete companies I have bids from?


Usually it is rare to really have an "apples to apples" comparison. We all see things differently, and have unique ways to tackle each project. At Campbell Concrete, we try to give you the best value for the materials and installation workmanship. We stand behind our work, and have great pride to live and serve in the local communities. We have extensive knowledge in our chiosen field, and will work with you to get your project done in a timely matter and with professionalism.





c. Power to Appoint Executive Representatives for Foreign Service

TO appoint foreign Ambassadors, Consuls, and other foreign Ministers, whose appointments are in the best interests of the Republic as determined by the President that are not otherwise provided for in this Constitution.

NOTE


The President is given sweeping powers to protect the rights of the people, and the people have a right to hear occasionally from their President who addresses the people directly, and not just the Congress. The current State of the Union is mocked with bipartisan reaction of applause or the restraint of applause by those who disagree with the President. The people aren’t interested in petty political disagreements. The people want to know that their government is working properly. To watch the reaction of Congress during the current annual State of the Union address is disconcerting to the people and visibly demonstrates the dysfunction of their government. The President will be mandated by law to talk to the people directly. Media coverage should be done away from the applause or lack thereof by Congress, allowing the President to have an intimate and detailed report of that person’s actions over the past 6 months. This should be done in a private setting without peer pressure. The President will address the people, not politicians, and giving the people a comprehensive overview of all Presidential activities and the state of the Republic.





d. Restricted Power of Legislative and Judicial Branches, Restricted Veto Power

The President shall have no power to appoint any person to an Office associated with the Legislative and Judicial Branches described in this Constitution. The President shall have no power over Congress, except in the enforcement of the laws of this Constitution. The President shall have no veto power of any law adopted by Congress in accordance with the laws of this Constitution.

NOTE


There can never be a time when Presidential powers and responsibilities are not covered. Congress needs the power to temporarily appoint a person to cover for the President if that person and his or her Vice-President both become incapable, for any reason, of performing Presidential responsibilities. Because Congress cannot act without a consensus of unanimity, the people’s Representatives will more likely ensure that a proper person is temporarily appointed as President. The six-month mandate ensures that the people continue to have their power over the person who becomes President. It can never become a choice that only 600 (500 House Representatives and 100 Senators) people make.





e. Power to Establish Foreign Policy

TO recommend to Congress the adoption of foreign treaties, agreements, and resolutions; however, the President shall have no power to ratify these agreements as law; TO enter into temporary foreign treaties, agreements, and resolutions, which the President deems beneficial to the Republic, for a period of six months, or until such time as Congress ratifies or rejects any of these actions, according to the powers given to Congress by this Constitution. If Congress does not approve or reject the Executive temporary action before the end of the six-month period, the action shall become law. Congress shall retain the right to rescind or amend any such law at any time.

NOTE


There can never be a time when Presidential powers and responsibilities are not covered. Congress needs the power to temporarily appoint a person to cover for the President if that person and his or her Vice-President both become incapable, for any reason, of performing Presidential responsibilities. Because Congress cannot act without a consensus of unanimity, the people’s Representatives will more likely ensure that a proper person is temporarily appointed as President. The six-month mandate ensures that the people continue to have their power over the person who becomes President. It can never become a choice that only 600 (500 House Representatives and 100 Senators) people make.





f. Power to Pardon

TO grant reprieves and pardons for offenses committed against any law of the Republic or any of its people.

NOTE


With the Constitutional requirements of transparency outlined in this Constitution, the people will become more informed about what their government is doing. Also, because elections will become Federal Holidays and mean much more to the people than any other aspect of their concern for their government, the people will have the opportunity within a relatively short amount of time to replace the most powerful human upon Earth or reconfirm his or her power over their lives.





SECTION 3: Executive Relationship with Congress; Executive Transparency

a. Executive Congressional Report

The President shall give to the people, biannually, information on the State of the Republic and any information on temporary Executive foreign actions enacted.

NOTE


The only way that the Military and law enforcement agencies are going to be accountable to those whom they serve—the people—is to place their ultimate authority in the hands of a person fully accountable to the people. The people can replace the President every four years and demand full accountability of those who have the guns and the power of force over them. This article gives the President the immediate power, without approval of Congress, to react to any threat, foreign or domestic, that has violated the laws that protect the people.





b. Executive Transparency

The President shall maintain an Executive website upon which shall be recorded a Journal of Executive Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same consistent with Congressional transparency as described in Article I, Section 1(m.), excepting such parts as may, in the President’s judgment, require secrecy in the interest of the Republic’s security.

 

SECTION 4: Disqualification

The President, Vice-President, and all civil Officers appointed by Executive Order, shall be removed from Office upon that person’s conviction of: treason, bribery, or for any other felony crime or any action, or inaction, that violates the laws and provisions for the people established by this Constitution.

NOTE


There can never be a time when Presidential powers and responsibilities are not covered. Congress needs the power to temporarily appoint a person to cover for the President if that person and his or her Vice-President both become incapable, for any reason, of performing Presidential responsibilities. Because Congress cannot act without a consensus of unanimity, the people’s Representatives will more likely ensure that a proper person is temporarily appointed as President. The six-month mandate ensures that the people continue to have their power over the person who becomes President. It can never become a choice that only 600 (500 House Representatives and 100 Senators) people make.





 
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