Proposed Constitution

Hope for the future

ARTICLE I: THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (Part 2)

 

SECTION 2: Congressional Districts

a. Definition of Congressional Voting Districts

NOTE


People who do not register to vote make a personal choice not to take an active role in their own government; not voting signifies that a person doesn’t really care who has power in government. This Constitution gives the right to everyone to vote and makes it a lot easier to do so, even rewarding the people with federally funded registration and election days. See Article V, Section 4(d.) below. With current technology, it is easy to track voter registration and create an algorithm that automatically divides the registered voters into 50 separate logistic voting Districts. The District boundary lines will change every four years, reflective of the number of people who register to vote in each District. The number 50 was chosen to reflect and support current congressional actual physical seats as space provides at the Capitol building in Washington D.C., as well as eliminating the necessity of inventing a new flag that represents the new Republic of America. The current flag has 50 stars representing 50 separate States. These States are currently divided, but not equal, which causes most of the government’s ineffectiveness. The flag will now represent the equality of the people, as it was originally intended, with each star now representing the 50 voting Districts. The goal is to take the power out of the hands of corporations, the wealthy, and their lobbyists and put it back into the hands of the people. However, if a person chooses not to become involved in that person’s self-governance through fair representation and does not register to vote, that person should not be included in the process of governing, having free will and no desire to do so.





Districts within the Republic shall be determined according to the total number of registered voters, divided by 50 Districts. Congressional District boundaries shall be redefined every four years by automatic Digital Boundary Definitions determined after the people have registered to vote during each four-year term. Digital Boundary Definitions shall be defined by the number of registered voters and concomitant with their physical proximity according to Article V of this Constitution.

b. District Titles

Each District may preserve the title of its former State, a combination of all, or choose another title by majority election of its registered voters.

NOTE


This provision allows the people to have more control over how law enforcement deals with them. Article IV (Inalienable Human Rights), Section 4 of this new Constitution, details the desires of the people in relation to domestic law enforcement agencies. Whereas Article IV, Section 4, gives a blueprint of what the people expect, this provision gives Congress its authority and responsibility to act. The people do not need different law enforcement agencies with different agendas, protocols, egos, and jurisdiction. One Federal Law Enforcement Agency will work more efficiently. Because States lose their sovereign status and their ability to make and enforce a particular State’s own laws, Federal Law under this Constitution will become the law of the land for all Americans. Currently, various local, state, and federal agencies compete with each other and often do not cooperate, each trying to “one up” the other and show their worth. Burdened with bureaucracy, current law enforcement agencies struggle and often forget that they exist only to protect and serve the people. Eliminating the animosity and pride of the various law enforcement agencies will enhance law enforcement and will serve the people and not the pride and loyalty that agents and officers often feel for their local chapters.





 

SECTION 3: The House

a. Number of Representatives

The House of Representatives of the Republic shall be composed of five hundred (500) Representatives, ten (10) from each District, and each Representative shall have one vote.

NOTE


“Congress shall be limited to a consumption-based tax rate in its power to establish laws that lay and collect taxes,” strictly limits ALL taxation, thus eliminating payroll, social security, Medicare, state, local, sales, estate, capital gains, corporate, and ALL TAXES. Adding this provision to the new Constitution will prevent Congress, by law, from changing the tax laws or imposing any kind of new tax other than a consumption-based flat rate tax as determined by the stated mathematical equation above (explained in detail below). (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS) = flat tax rate charged on all goods and services NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR FREE BY THE GOVERNMENT UNDER CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. Although an algorithm of such magnitude might seem too restrictive and obtrusive to the free market system, when analyzed and considered in all of its detail, it is the ONLY way that the playing field of commerce and trade can benefit all people equally and support a stable supply-and-demand-based economy that also needs to fund a government. The determining factor of any tax code should always be how such tax benefits the people. And tax revenues should be limited to funding a government that serves all people equally. Current tax laws support corporations and the wealthy, because corporations and the wealthy pay the lobbyists who fight for these laws. This new provision treats ALL people equally, regardless of economic status, conforming to this Constitution’s Preamble: “TO establish justice for each person equally, regardless of age, race, country of origin, gender, economic status, religion, or sexual orientation; We will use the game of Monopoly® to explain the implications of this form of taxation, providing new currency, and how this Constitutional provision supports The Game of Life as played out in America, while creating an equal playing field for all. Using the scenario of playing Monopoly®, it becomes very clear how the poor remain poor, and their numbers increase daily, while the rich remain rich and control the economy, as well as control business law and the government. A few players eventually own all the land, the utilities, and transportation (railroads). Those who don’t own land are still required to pay rents, utilities, and to “take a ride on a railroad” if they want to remain in the game. Eventually, because the Banker only has a limited amount of currency, those who don’t own the limited resources and receive an income from rents won’t have enough money to continue playing the game and will eventually lose the game to bankruptcy. What is not part of Monopoly® are spaces where a player can land on a job. “CHANCE” and the “COMMUNITY CHEST” are the only sources of other income to the players who do not own land or the spaces that demand payment. However, a player can be affected economically both positively and negatively per chance and being helped by the community. If more jobs were created, the players would have a greater opportunity to stay in the game. But what about the limited amount of money provided by the Banker that eventually lands in the hands of the few wealthy players? When there’s no more money, how is anyone supposed to continue to play the game? And when you open the game to new players (birth, immigration, trade agreements with other countries, etc.), what are these new players going to use to play the game? The answer: print more money so that the new players can play. But even so, no matter how much money you print, and no matter how many new players sit down and begin playing, the money will always end up in the hands of the rich who own all the spaces where some kind of payment is required. In essence, this new Constitution provides additional spaces and changes the rules for some spaces so that the other players have the opportunity to play the game longer, in fact, indefinitely, if they so choose. There’s only so much land to be owned, utilities to be owned and profited from, and railroads to ride. The playing board’s space is limited. But the ability of more and more players to play the game and be provided with the money to do so is limited only to the rules applied to the game. Therefore, the rules themselves must be changed. All of the spaces were bought up before the new players had a chance to enter the game. To play, they have no choice but to roll the dice and see where they will land and to which rich person they will pay money. The number that comes up from chance in rolling the dice is the problem. The players are forced to roll and pay whatever the owner of the space requires. The rents depend on how much money the space owner put into the space’s development (how many houses or hotels). The only way to keep people playing the game, and maybe have the opportunity to enjoy the game, is to change the rules. THERE IS NO OTHER WAY! But the first thing to consider is: why is a person forced to play? Why can’t a person simply sit around and watch? One of the reasons is because Monopoly® (i.e., Capitalism) is the only game in town, and if you want money and the opportunity to own land and play, even the money necessary to live, there’s only one way to do it: play the game according to the rules. But what if you don’t want to play the game? If you exist, you shouldn’t be forced to play the game. And if the game provides the only means for existence, then the rules of the game MUST be changed to, first, benefit the players who want to play and who have benefited from playing the game, by having them support the non-players; and second, make the game worthwhile for everyone in the room. A huge motivating factor in playing the game is to be able to say that you were successful at it—that you won! Other non-players might be impressed more, if, by your playing the game, they also benefited from your play. Just think how popular and well liked those would be who helped the non-players by providing them with snacks and a comfortable chair from which to sit back and observe the game. The thing is, the onlookers are going to become bored if they are only watching, when, upon observing the game, they are continually strategizing in their own minds how to play the game and to win themselves. Furthermore, if everyone could win, the game would lose its challenge and incentive and no one would want to play. HOWEVER, there is some intrigue in watching the game being played by others and watching their strategies of play and what they do to win and gain the advantage over other players. For this reason, there are countless new entertainment reality shows that people sit around and watch, but in which they would never dream of participating. In this scenario, as mentioned, Monopoly® is the ONLY GAME IN TOWN! The players who have benefited from it are not likely to change the game and the rules that have so richly benefited them and their families. However, the countless people standing around watching the game are getting angrier and angrier, because they are not being allowed to play or are not benefiting from the game. These masses could easily disrupt the game, tip over the board, and kill the players. So, if the established players begin to realize this, these rich and powerful ones might think twice about changing the rules, affecting the way that the game is played, so that it would include benefits to the non-players. So it is, in reality, that the few players take some of the money they’ve accumulated in playing the game and surround the playing area with armies and navies and appoint popes and priests that control the people and allow them, alone, to continue playing. Because of advancements in modern technology, a few players have the power to control the masses and protect the game. The people cannot overrun the military that is paid to only be loyal to those few players. Moreover, violence isn’t the answer either, because violent revolutions only lead to still other violent revolutions. Civilized people do not solve problems through violence. They solve conflicts through diplomacy and peer pressure. As was stated above in hypothetically using Monopoly® as an example, “Just think how popular and well liked those would be who helped the non-players by providing them with snacks and a comfortable chair from which to sit back and observe the game.” The players play to be recognized as rich and popular. We don’t want to eliminate their ability to obtain self-worth by being rich and popular. But we do want to help them see how changing the rules of the game will quiet the masses and make them even more popular and liked as they successfully play the game in a way that benefits those who aren’t involved in playing the game, or who don’t want to be. This new Constitution establishes the new rules for the game that will accomplish what both the players and non-players expect out of being forced to be around each other in the same room where there’s only one game to be played. The new Constitution gives Congress the actual equation from which it will determine taxation and the issuance of new currency. ALL TAXES WILL BE REPLACED with the set flat-rate consumption tax. Except for the fixed consumption tax, there will no longer be any duties, fees, or taxes on imports and exports. Imports are what foreign entities sell to America to consume. Exports are what America sells to foreign entities to consume. Both have the tax applied equally without loopholes and without exception. If Japan imports a Toyota Camry into America, the price for which it charges the American car dealer will have to reflect the mandated consumption tax charged by America directly to Japan. (The consumption tax is paid by the consumer and collected by the seller at the time of sale.) The American car dealer is consuming a product in order to benefit from its consumption. ACME Toyota, Inc. depends on the consumption of the American consumer to fully benefit from ACME’s consumption of Japan’s products. Because the Camry is being used by third parties to enrich them (the American car dealer named ACME), without being the end user of the product (who actually benefits from the product), each beneficiary of the product’s manufacture should be taxed equally and proportionately. Japan will pass on the tax to ACME and ACME will forward that expense on to the consumer. This system doubles the tax income to America, which is extra revenue to the government that is providing the resources of life to the poor people who make the Camry (because they have a job and are earning a living wage) and to the person who drives the truck to deliver the car to ACME. ACME is not really doing any work, but is still benefiting greatly by making a profit from the end consumer. And because the Japanese company is producing a product that affects the earth’s resources to benefit itself, it should also be responsible for supporting the people who consume its products. Americans buy many, many, many more Japanese cars than do the Japanese people buy American cars; therefore, the flat-tax rate proportionally spreads out the tax responsibility to the Japanese economy as it also affects the American economy. If Japan bought a Ford Escort, because it was much better than a Camry, Japan would pay the consumption tax on that purchase (it would be consuming the product). Ford wouldn’t have to pay an export tax on the price for which Ford sold the Escort to Japan. However, FORD WOULD BE MANDATED BY LAW TO PAY THE CONSUMPTION TAX ON EVERY PART AND PIECE OF MATERIAL THAT FORD BOUGHT (consumed) TO MAKE THE ESCORT. The extra cost of goods (because Ford is no longer exempt from sales tax for being a “reseller”) might affect Ford’s profits for awhile, UNLESS FORD STARTED MAKING A BETTER CAR THAN THE JAPANESE (and thus selling more Escorts because of higher consumer demand). Now here’s the wonderful benefit of a single, flat-rate, consumption-based tax to American companies: There is no corporate tax of any kind! The taxes are instead paid by the application of the tax percentage on every part that FORD consumes in manufacturing the Escort. The export duty and fees are paid by the importing foreign entity (Japan, in this case). The American consumer of the Escort also has to pay the consumption tax. But there is a way that FORD can sell more cars (besides the fact that the American Escort has to be a better product than the Japanese Camry). Ford can include the consumption tax in the final price of the Escort sold to the American consumer and the consumer will believe that the Escort is being sold TAX FREE! This is called proper sales and marketing in a Free Market economy. If FORD decides that American workers are too expensive, and FORD wants to put a manufacturing plant somewhere outside of America, then the FORD Corporation will have to pay the foreign import tax to that country. In addition, it will then be required to include the consumption tax in its price when the Escort is brought to America and sold to an American consumer (either directly or through a dealership). (This is comparable to Japan paying the consumption tax in the previous example, when it sold a Toyota Camry to an American consumer.) Therefore, if FORD wants to keep the Escort’s price lower, it should manufacture the Escort in America to avoid having to include double taxes (up to 40%: foreign import 20% and domestic consumption 20%) into the final sale price. This incentivizes American companies to keep jobs in America. Nothing is sold unless there’s a consumer who demands it. A free market, Supply and Demand Economy, has always been the best way to produce the most innovative and high-quality goods and services. But what about the not-so-good goods and services? Wal-Mart imports a not-so-good quality product for $1, which, after the proposed tax, becomes $1.20. If the American consumer wants Wal-Mart’s product, the consumer will be forced to pay $1.40, plus whatever profit margin Wal-Mart wants to gain. The imported item is taxed twice, bringing in more revenue to take care of the basic needs of the American people (many who work for Wal-Mart and whose needs are not currently being met). This will affect the Wal-Mart profit margin according to supply and demand. Because if Wal-Mart wants to make a profit, it must stock products that the people want to consume. The higher the price of the product, the less likely the people will consume it en masse. HOWEVER, having their life needs provided for them by law, the people won’t be forced to buy from Wal-Mart. If Wal-Mart wants to sell good, nutritious food that is better than other stores, then this is where it makes its money, because selling these law-mandated products, there IS NO CONSUMPTION-BASED TAX APPLIED! (As a reminder, this is because the law-mandated basic necessities are given FREE to the people of the Republic.) This motivates Wal-Mart to increase the quality of its products; especially those that people need to consume to live. If Wal-Mart doesn't provide an apple that is as good as the apple that a competitor provides, Wal-Mart will lose the business. THIS WILL AFFECT THE FARMERS AND ORGANIC, HEALTH-BASED GROWERS! Ma and Pa Stores can now compete with Wal-Mart by providing a better apple than Wal-Mart, the people having the means provided to them by law to choose where they purchase the nutritious apple. Ma and Pa ARE GUARANTEED SALES IF THEIR PRODUCTS TASTE BETTER TO THE CONSUMER! And Ma and Pa, in providing the nutritious apple DO NOT HAVE TO PAY ONE CENT IN TAXES, and can pocket the money they make and go to Wal-Mart and buy the things that they don’t need. It’s only when they buy from Wal-Mart … the things that they don’t need … that Ma and Pa are forced by law to pay taxes. Supply and demand runs the economy and benefits government tax revenue, improving the economy and thereby exponentially reducing the consumption tax rate. The people should not be taxed more than their individual economic situation allows. Whereas the GDP is the determining factor of an economy, it being the sum of all private consumption (consumer spending), government spending, corporate spending, and the averaged export/import amounts, it determines the overall strength of the people’s ability to pay taxes and still support their economy. All personal and business taxes are replaced by a flat tax on private consumption, corporate spending, and the average of export/import duties (exports-imports). This tax percentage is based on the following tax algorithm and represented by the graph below: (GDP = Gross Domestic Product and GS=Government Spending) (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS) = flat tax rate charged on all goods and services not provided by the government under constitutional law. The New Currency needed would be the difference between the tax rate needed to satisfy GS and the set 20% tax allowable by law. For example: With the new mandates on government spending in education, healthcare, and social welfare, government spending (GS) will increase each year until the economy improves. Take into consideration that from the influx of money into the economy and the non-existent tax obligation of corporate earnings from those companies that provide the means of education, healthcare, and welfare, etc. under government contracts, the GDP will rise substantially and exponentially. And as the GDP increases due to the influx of money and government contracts, etc., the tax rate goes down accordingly. America’s influence and world power are based on its consumerism. The power of the American consumer to regulate international supply and demand quotas and trade, obligates and controls all other nations under its umbrella of consumerism in pursuit of the American dream. With liberal immigration policies, more people will come to America. The more people who participate in the economy, the more money that will be needed to support that economy. The more money people have, the more they spend. The more they spend, the more the GDP increases. The more opportunity to make money, the less and less the people will depend on the basic governmentprovided goods and services, wanting more than just the basics, thereby decreasing GS exponentially. As people work harder to acquire everything outside of their basic needs that are provided by law, the GNP (Gross National Product) increases as they buy the entertainment and luxuries that they want, the nicer homes that they want, and the food that they want, all taxed at the flat-rate consumption tax. This will bring more money into the government’s coffers that will need less and less money as the economy improves. A side note: world progression towards a more tranquil civilization will increase when other nations realize that their citizens want what America offers, motivating foreign governments to improve the lot of their people so that they will stay in their countries. In addition, as other countries produce the products that Americans want (because it is more beneficial to an American corporation to make a profit from law-mandated goods and services that Americans need), these foreign economies will improve.





b. Power of Impeachment

The House shall retain the power of impeachment, but no party shall be impeached without the concurrence of unanimity of the House as prescribed in Section 1(f.) of this Article.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





 

SECTION 4: The Senate

a. Number of Senators

The Senate of the Republic shall be composed of one hundred (100) Senators, two (2) from each District, and each Senator shall have one Vote.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





b. Power to Try Impeachments

The Senate shall retain the power to try all impeachments, whether of a Member of Congress, or of the President of the Republic, or of any Member of the Judicial Branch. The Senate shall receive and judge the evidence and findings of impeachment from the House of Representatives at trial. No impeached party shall be formally adjudged and convicted without the concurrence of unanimity of the Senate as prescribed in Section 1(f.) of this Article.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





c. Punishment of Impeachment and Conviction.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than reprimand and censure by the Senate; it shall not include removal from office. The impeached party shall be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to the law.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





d. Removal from Office of the Impeached.

Upon impeachment and conviction by judicial trial, the people of the convicted Member’s District shall hold the exclusive power to elect such Member’s replacement during a legally convened election according to the power of Congress to call such election. The majority vote of the people of the Republic during a legally held election shall be the only power that can replace any Member, President, or Judicial Officer in the event of impeachment by Congress and conviction by judicial trial.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





 

SECTION 5: Elections

a. Establishment of Elections

Pursuant to Article V of this Constitution, Congress shall oversee and establish the proceedings, laws, the times, places, manner, and pay the costs of registering to vote and of the general elections.

NOTE


The most important part of any government set up for the people and by the people is for the people to be able to fairly elect their governmental representatives. This is so important that 12 this new Constitution assigns an entire Article to these elections. The provisions for elections are outlined in Article V below. This provision, Article 1, Section 5(a.), gives Congress the authority and power to ensure that Article V is always one of their main priorities.





 

SECTION 6: Rules of Proceedings and Adjournment

a. Congressional Self-rule

Each House shall determine the rules of its proceedings and adjournments, given that such rules are restricted to and comply with the authorities and powers granted by the Articles of this Constitution.

NOTE


America is not just a location of a government, but also an ensign of liberty and justice for all people of the earth. Of all the nations on Earth, America has presented the greatest image of freedom and opportunity. Except for a few Native Americans, American ancestry entails all other races and cultures of the world. Americans should not occupy another country for the sake of American interests. The people of other countries need to be respected for their rights and desires to live as they desire. However, if the majority of any people living anywhere upon Earth desire to become American, there will no longer exist a need for them to immigrate to America to enjoy its laws and freedoms. They can stay where they live and enjoy the benefits of American law and protection. If the people rise up against their current governments because of corruption and desperation, and the people desire an American form of government, this provision gives Congress the power to legally annex that nation according to the will of its people. This new concept will shake up current foreign governments to change the way that they treat their people. Knowing that at anytime their people could hold an election and vote to become part of America, and that American Congress has the power to hear and support the voice of foreigners, is a huge threat to corrupt governments. This provision requires Congress to make sure that a legal and fair election is held in that part of the world. Of course, no foreign government is going to support an election that threatens it. This new Congressional authority exists to help the people incorporate a new government once they have overthrown their current government.





 

SECTION 7: Congressional Assembly and Compensation

a. Full-time Employment Expectations

Congress shall be in session on a full-time basis in accordance with the same laws that determine the weekly and hourly minimums and maximums for the people of the Republic and according to the term limits established by this Constitution.

NOTE


Human creativity is essential to the growth of human intellect and emotional stability. Technological progress also increases the opportunity for more humans to have the ability to be creative. Because money plays such an important part in the values that we place on things, individual creativity must be protected from greed so that creative motivation remains secure. No one wants to spend time making a new discovery or producing something personally creative only to have another steal the idea and profit from it. With this provision of the Constitution, protection is afforded to ensure that the originator of something beneficial to society is used for the purpose for which the originator intended. One might invent a new drug that can make human life happier and that one might not want to profit from it, but donate it to human good. This law will protect that right and prohibit another from making a profit off of the drug. But this is the ideal use of this Constitutional right. This law will be most effective in continuing to motivate human progress through greed. Either way, this law makes sense and is necessary.





b. Congressional Pay

Congress shall be paid an annual salary at a rate of two times that of the average annual income of the people of the Republic, and paid out of the Treasury of the Republic.

NOTE


This provision allows the people to have more control over how law enforcement deals with them. Article IV (Inalienable Human Rights), Section 4 of this new Constitution, details the desires of the people in relation to domestic law enforcement agencies. Whereas Article IV, Section 4, gives a blueprint of what the people expect, this provision gives Congress its authority and responsibility to act. The people do not need different law enforcement agencies with different agendas, protocols, egos, and jurisdiction. One Federal Law Enforcement Agency will work more efficiently. Because States lose their sovereign status and their ability to make and enforce a particular State’s own laws, Federal Law under this Constitution will become the law of the land for all Americans. Currently, various local, state, and federal agencies compete with each other and often do not cooperate, each trying to “one up” the other and show their worth. Burdened with bureaucracy, current law enforcement agencies struggle and often forget that they exist only to protect and serve the people. Eliminating the animosity and pride of the various law enforcement agencies will enhance law enforcement and will serve the people and not the pride and loyalty that agents and officers often feel for their local chapters.





c. Congressional Overtime Compensation

Only at times of national emergencies shall Congress be approved for overtime hours. Congress shall be paid an overtime hourly wage, in addition to their annual salary, commensurate with the average hourly overtime wage of the people of the Republic.

NOTE


This allows Congress to call on the military to protect the interests and welfare of the people. It ensures that the decision to enter warfare of any kind against an enemy is not the decision of a dictator (the President will not have the authority to declare war). Because congressional action to declare war requires a consensus of unanimity, the possibility of entering an unnecessary and useless war is diminished. This also forces Congress to ensure that all wartime affairs maintain humane treatment of the perceived and/or real enemy.





d. Congressional Vacation and Sick Leave

Congress shall be allowed 30 days a year of paid vacation, and shall be provided the same amount of personal and sick leave that is granted to every person under the Republic by law prescribed by Congress.

NOTE


People who do not register to vote make a personal choice not to take an active role in their own government; not voting signifies that a person doesn’t really care who has power in government. This Constitution gives the right to everyone to vote and makes it a lot easier to do so, even rewarding the people with federally funded registration and election days. See Article V, Section 4(d.) below. With current technology, it is easy to track voter registration and create an algorithm that automatically divides the registered voters into 50 separate logistic voting Districts. The District boundary lines will change every four years, reflective of the number of people who register to vote in each District. The number 50 was chosen to reflect and support current congressional actual physical seats as space provides at the Capitol building in Washington D.C., as well as eliminating the necessity of inventing a new flag that represents the new Republic of America. The current flag has 50 stars representing 50 separate States. These States are currently divided, but not equal, which causes most of the government’s ineffectiveness. The flag will now represent the equality of the people, as it was originally intended, with each star now representing the 50 voting Districts. The goal is to take the power out of the hands of corporations, the wealthy, and their lobbyists and put it back into the hands of the people. However, if a person chooses not to become involved in that person’s self-governance through fair representation and does not register to vote, that person should not be included in the process of governing, having free will and no desire to do so.





e. Congressional Pensions

No Member of Congress shall receive a pension of any kind, at any time, for service in the Congress, unless the law equally provides such pension, of any kind, to all people of the Republic.

NOTE


The most important part of any government set up for the people and by the people is for the people to be able to fairly elect their governmental representatives. This is so important that 12 this new Constitution assigns an entire Article to these elections. The provisions for elections are outlined in Article V below. This provision, Article 1, Section 5(a.), gives Congress the authority and power to ensure that Article V is always one of their main priorities.





 

SECTION 8: – Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Veto Power

a. Raising Revenue by Taxation

All Legislative Bills for raising revenue for the Treasury of the Republic, to pay for the debts of the Republic, shall comply with and support the tax code described in Section 9(a.) below. Congress shall not raise revenue by any other means.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





b. Veto Power over the Consensus of Unanimity

No other branch of government shall possess veto power over any Bill passed into law by the consensus of unanimity of Congress.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





SECTION 9: Powers of Congress

a. Tax Code

TO pay the debts and constitutional obligations under Article IV, and for the common defense and general welfare of the Republic, Congress shall be limited to a consumption-based tax rate in its power to establish laws that lay and collect taxes, not to exceed 20%, and based on the annual Gross Domestic Product of the prior year applied to the following economic algorithm: (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS); where GDP = Gross Domestic Product and GS = Government Spending

NOTE


“Congress shall be limited to a consumption-based tax rate in its power to establish laws that lay and collect taxes,” strictly limits ALL taxation, thus eliminating payroll, social security, Medicare, state, local, sales, estate, capital gains, corporate, and ALL TAXES. Adding this provision to the new Constitution will prevent Congress, by law, from changing the tax laws or imposing any kind of new tax other than a consumption-based flat rate tax as determined by the stated mathematical equation above (explained in detail below). (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS) = flat tax rate charged on all goods and services NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR FREE BY THE GOVERNMENT UNDER CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. Although an algorithm of such magnitude might seem too restrictive and obtrusive to the free market system, when analyzed and considered in all of its detail, it is the ONLY way that the playing field of commerce and trade can benefit all people equally and support a stable supply-and-demand-based economy that also needs to fund a government. The determining factor of any tax code should always be how such tax benefits the people. And tax revenues should be limited to funding a government that serves all people equally. Current tax laws support corporations and the wealthy, because corporations and the wealthy pay the lobbyists who fight for these laws. This new provision treats ALL people equally, regardless of economic status, conforming to this Constitution’s Preamble: “TO establish justice for each person equally, regardless of age, race, country of origin, gender, economic status, religion, or sexual orientation; We will use the game of Monopoly® to explain the implications of this form of taxation, providing new currency, and how this Constitutional provision supports The Game of Life as played out in America, while creating an equal playing field for all. Using the scenario of playing Monopoly®, it becomes very clear how the poor remain poor, and their numbers increase daily, while the rich remain rich and control the economy, as well as control business law and the government. A few players eventually own all the land, the utilities, and transportation (railroads). Those who don’t own land are still required to pay rents, utilities, and to “take a ride on a railroad” if they want to remain in the game. Eventually, because the Banker only has a limited amount of currency, those who don’t own the limited resources and receive an income from rents won’t have enough money to continue playing the game and will eventually lose the game to bankruptcy. What is not part of Monopoly® are spaces where a player can land on a job. “CHANCE” and the “COMMUNITY CHEST” are the only sources of other income to the players who do not own land or the spaces that demand payment. However, a player can be affected economically both positively and negatively per chance and being helped by the community. If more jobs were created, the players would have a greater opportunity to stay in the game. But what about the limited amount of money provided by the Banker that eventually lands in the hands of the few wealthy players? When there’s no more money, how is anyone supposed to continue to play the game? And when you open the game to new players (birth, immigration, trade agreements with other countries, etc.), what are these new players going to use to play the game? The answer: print more money so that the new players can play. But even so, no matter how much money you print, and no matter how many new players sit down and begin playing, the money will always end up in the hands of the rich who own all the spaces where some kind of payment is required. In essence, this new Constitution provides additional spaces and changes the rules for some spaces so that the other players have the opportunity to play the game longer, in fact, indefinitely, if they so choose. There’s only so much land to be owned, utilities to be owned and profited from, and railroads to ride. The playing board’s space is limited. But the ability of more and more players to play the game and be provided with the money to do so is limited only to the rules applied to the game. Therefore, the rules themselves must be changed. All of the spaces were bought up before the new players had a chance to enter the game. To play, they have no choice but to roll the dice and see where they will land and to which rich person they will pay money. The number that comes up from chance in rolling the dice is the problem. The players are forced to roll and pay whatever the owner of the space requires. The rents depend on how much money the space owner put into the space’s development (how many houses or hotels). The only way to keep people playing the game, and maybe have the opportunity to enjoy the game, is to change the rules. THERE IS NO OTHER WAY! But the first thing to consider is: why is a person forced to play? Why can’t a person simply sit around and watch? One of the reasons is because Monopoly® (i.e., Capitalism) is the only game in town, and if you want money and the opportunity to own land and play, even the money necessary to live, there’s only one way to do it: play the game according to the rules. But what if you don’t want to play the game? If you exist, you shouldn’t be forced to play the game. And if the game provides the only means for existence, then the rules of the game MUST be changed to, first, benefit the players who want to play and who have benefited from playing the game, by having them support the non-players; and second, make the game worthwhile for everyone in the room. A huge motivating factor in playing the game is to be able to say that you were successful at it—that you won! Other non-players might be impressed more, if, by your playing the game, they also benefited from your play. Just think how popular and well liked those would be who helped the non-players by providing them with snacks and a comfortable chair from which to sit back and observe the game. The thing is, the onlookers are going to become bored if they are only watching, when, upon observing the game, they are continually strategizing in their own minds how to play the game and to win themselves. Furthermore, if everyone could win, the game would lose its challenge and incentive and no one would want to play. HOWEVER, there is some intrigue in watching the game being played by others and watching their strategies of play and what they do to win and gain the advantage over other players. For this reason, there are countless new entertainment reality shows that people sit around and watch, but in which they would never dream of participating. In this scenario, as mentioned, Monopoly® is the ONLY GAME IN TOWN! The players who have benefited from it are not likely to change the game and the rules that have so richly benefited them and their families. However, the countless people standing around watching the game are getting angrier and angrier, because they are not being allowed to play or are not benefiting from the game. These masses could easily disrupt the game, tip over the board, and kill the players. So, if the established players begin to realize this, these rich and powerful ones might think twice about changing the rules, affecting the way that the game is played, so that it would include benefits to the non-players. So it is, in reality, that the few players take some of the money they’ve accumulated in playing the game and surround the playing area with armies and navies and appoint popes and priests that control the people and allow them, alone, to continue playing. Because of advancements in modern technology, a few players have the power to control the masses and protect the game. The people cannot overrun the military that is paid to only be loyal to those few players. Moreover, violence isn’t the answer either, because violent revolutions only lead to still other violent revolutions. Civilized people do not solve problems through violence. They solve conflicts through diplomacy and peer pressure. As was stated above in hypothetically using Monopoly® as an example, “Just think how popular and well liked those would be who helped the non-players by providing them with snacks and a comfortable chair from which to sit back and observe the game.” The players play to be recognized as rich and popular. We don’t want to eliminate their ability to obtain self-worth by being rich and popular. But we do want to help them see how changing the rules of the game will quiet the masses and make them even more popular and liked as they successfully play the game in a way that benefits those who aren’t involved in playing the game, or who don’t want to be. This new Constitution establishes the new rules for the game that will accomplish what both the players and non-players expect out of being forced to be around each other in the same room where there’s only one game to be played. The new Constitution gives Congress the actual equation from which it will determine taxation and the issuance of new currency. ALL TAXES WILL BE REPLACED with the set flat-rate consumption tax. Except for the fixed consumption tax, there will no longer be any duties, fees, or taxes on imports and exports. Imports are what foreign entities sell to America to consume. Exports are what America sells to foreign entities to consume. Both have the tax applied equally without loopholes and without exception. If Japan imports a Toyota Camry into America, the price for which it charges the American car dealer will have to reflect the mandated consumption tax charged by America directly to Japan. (The consumption tax is paid by the consumer and collected by the seller at the time of sale.) The American car dealer is consuming a product in order to benefit from its consumption. ACME Toyota, Inc. depends on the consumption of the American consumer to fully benefit from ACME’s consumption of Japan’s products. Because the Camry is being used by third parties to enrich them (the American car dealer named ACME), without being the end user of the product (who actually benefits from the product), each beneficiary of the product’s manufacture should be taxed equally and proportionately. Japan will pass on the tax to ACME and ACME will forward that expense on to the consumer. This system doubles the tax income to America, which is extra revenue to the government that is providing the resources of life to the poor people who make the Camry (because they have a job and are earning a living wage) and to the person who drives the truck to deliver the car to ACME. ACME is not really doing any work, but is still benefiting greatly by making a profit from the end consumer. And because the Japanese company is producing a product that affects the earth’s resources to benefit itself, it should also be responsible for supporting the people who consume its products. Americans buy many, many, many more Japanese cars than do the Japanese people buy American cars; therefore, the flat-tax rate proportionally spreads out the tax responsibility to the Japanese economy as it also affects the American economy. If Japan bought a Ford Escort, because it was much better than a Camry, Japan would pay the consumption tax on that purchase (it would be consuming the product). Ford wouldn’t have to pay an export tax on the price for which Ford sold the Escort to Japan. However, FORD WOULD BE MANDATED BY LAW TO PAY THE CONSUMPTION TAX ON EVERY PART AND PIECE OF MATERIAL THAT FORD BOUGHT (consumed) TO MAKE THE ESCORT. The extra cost of goods (because Ford is no longer exempt from sales tax for being a “reseller”) might affect Ford’s profits for awhile, UNLESS FORD STARTED MAKING A BETTER CAR THAN THE JAPANESE (and thus selling more Escorts because of higher consumer demand). Now here’s the wonderful benefit of a single, flat-rate, consumption-based tax to American companies: There is no corporate tax of any kind! The taxes are instead paid by the application of the tax percentage on every part that FORD consumes in manufacturing the Escort. The export duty and fees are paid by the importing foreign entity (Japan, in this case). The American consumer of the Escort also has to pay the consumption tax. But there is a way that FORD can sell more cars (besides the fact that the American Escort has to be a better product than the Japanese Camry). Ford can include the consumption tax in the final price of the Escort sold to the American consumer and the consumer will believe that the Escort is being sold TAX FREE! This is called proper sales and marketing in a Free Market economy. If FORD decides that American workers are too expensive, and FORD wants to put a manufacturing plant somewhere outside of America, then the FORD Corporation will have to pay the foreign import tax to that country. In addition, it will then be required to include the consumption tax in its price when the Escort is brought to America and sold to an American consumer (either directly or through a dealership). (This is comparable to Japan paying the consumption tax in the previous example, when it sold a Toyota Camry to an American consumer.) Therefore, if FORD wants to keep the Escort’s price lower, it should manufacture the Escort in America to avoid having to include double taxes (up to 40%: foreign import 20% and domestic consumption 20%) into the final sale price. This incentivizes American companies to keep jobs in America. Nothing is sold unless there’s a consumer who demands it. A free market, Supply and Demand Economy, has always been the best way to produce the most innovative and high-quality goods and services. But what about the not-so-good goods and services? Wal-Mart imports a not-so-good quality product for $1, which, after the proposed tax, becomes $1.20. If the American consumer wants Wal-Mart’s product, the consumer will be forced to pay $1.40, plus whatever profit margin Wal-Mart wants to gain. The imported item is taxed twice, bringing in more revenue to take care of the basic needs of the American people (many who work for Wal-Mart and whose needs are not currently being met). This will affect the Wal-Mart profit margin according to supply and demand. Because if Wal-Mart wants to make a profit, it must stock products that the people want to consume. The higher the price of the product, the less likely the people will consume it en masse. HOWEVER, having their life needs provided for them by law, the people won’t be forced to buy from Wal-Mart. If Wal-Mart wants to sell good, nutritious food that is better than other stores, then this is where it makes its money, because selling these law-mandated products, there IS NO CONSUMPTION-BASED TAX APPLIED! (As a reminder, this is because the law-mandated basic necessities are given FREE to the people of the Republic.) This motivates Wal-Mart to increase the quality of its products; especially those that people need to consume to live. If Wal-Mart doesn't provide an apple that is as good as the apple that a competitor provides, Wal-Mart will lose the business. THIS WILL AFFECT THE FARMERS AND ORGANIC, HEALTH-BASED GROWERS! Ma and Pa Stores can now compete with Wal-Mart by providing a better apple than Wal-Mart, the people having the means provided to them by law to choose where they purchase the nutritious apple. Ma and Pa ARE GUARANTEED SALES IF THEIR PRODUCTS TASTE BETTER TO THE CONSUMER! And Ma and Pa, in providing the nutritious apple DO NOT HAVE TO PAY ONE CENT IN TAXES, and can pocket the money they make and go to Wal-Mart and buy the things that they don’t need. It’s only when they buy from Wal-Mart … the things that they don’t need … that Ma and Pa are forced by law to pay taxes. Supply and demand runs the economy and benefits government tax revenue, improving the economy and thereby exponentially reducing the consumption tax rate. The people should not be taxed more than their individual economic situation allows. Whereas the GDP is the determining factor of an economy, it being the sum of all private consumption (consumer spending), government spending, corporate spending, and the averaged export/import amounts, it determines the overall strength of the people’s ability to pay taxes and still support their economy. All personal and business taxes are replaced by a flat tax on private consumption, corporate spending, and the average of export/import duties (exports-imports). This tax percentage is based on the following tax algorithm and represented by the graph below: (GDP = Gross Domestic Product and GS=Government Spending) (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS) = flat tax rate charged on all goods and services not provided by the government under constitutional law. The New Currency needed would be the difference between the tax rate needed to satisfy GS and the set 20% tax allowable by law. For example: With the new mandates on government spending in education, healthcare, and social welfare, government spending (GS) will increase each year until the economy improves. Take into consideration that from the influx of money into the economy and the non-existent tax obligation of corporate earnings from those companies that provide the means of education, healthcare, and welfare, etc. under government contracts, the GDP will rise substantially and exponentially. And as the GDP increases due to the influx of money and government contracts, etc., the tax rate goes down accordingly. America’s influence and world power are based on its consumerism. The power of the American consumer to regulate international supply and demand quotas and trade, obligates and controls all other nations under its umbrella of consumerism in pursuit of the American dream. With liberal immigration policies, more people will come to America. The more people who participate in the economy, the more money that will be needed to support that economy. The more money people have, the more they spend. The more they spend, the more the GDP increases. The more opportunity to make money, the less and less the people will depend on the basic governmentprovided goods and services, wanting more than just the basics, thereby decreasing GS exponentially. As people work harder to acquire everything outside of their basic needs that are provided by law, the GNP (Gross National Product) increases as they buy the entertainment and luxuries that they want, the nicer homes that they want, and the food that they want, all taxed at the flat-rate consumption tax. This will bring more money into the government’s coffers that will need less and less money as the economy improves. A side note: world progression towards a more tranquil civilization will increase when other nations realize that their citizens want what America offers, motivating foreign governments to improve the lot of their people so that they will stay in their countries. In addition, as other countries produce the products that Americans want (because it is more beneficial to an American corporation to make a profit from law-mandated goods and services that Americans need), these foreign economies will improve.





b. Creating Electronic Currency; the Elimination of a Cash-based Economy

TO fund the difference between the tax revenue and the Republic’s debts, Congress shall have the power to issue currency, fix the standard, measures, and regulate the value thereof, likewise that of any foreign currency in relation to American currency. All currency, its standards and measures, shall be of an electronic nature. Congress shall not have the power to coin or print money of any type. All financial transactions between the people of the Republic, or between them and any foreign entity, shall be of an electronic nature.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





c. Power to Regulate Inflation on Human Basic Necessities

TO regulate the inflation on the cost of the goods and services provided under Article IV, not to exceed 1.5% per annum. Congress shall have no power to regulate the inflation on any other goods or services.

NOTE


Article IV of this Constitution provides the basic necessities of life to all humans within the boundaries of the Republic of America. To pay for these guaranteed goods and services, more money must be created and introduced into the economy. Whenever more money is created, inflation increases exponentially because the Free Market and Capitalism are based on supply and demand. The more people demand, the higher prices that businesses charge for their goods and services. Because the government will be demanding goods and services to provide for the basic necessities of life for the people, demand will increase; and greedy Capitalists will take advantage of the demand unless they are prohibited from doing so by law. This provision gives Congress the power to control the prices charged for the goods and services that support life; but, at the same time, it prohibits them from meddling in the affairs of the greed-driven positive effects of a Free Market economic system. Having their basic needs provided for will give the people more money to spend in the Free Market, which in turn will create more jobs and greater income to the people. Thus, there will be a greater demand based on the Capitalistic structure established for business and profit. For this reason, Congress will have no power to establish price controls that will impede the desire of Capitalism to do what it does best: create competition and advance technological evolution. (See details of Article IV below.)





d. Power to Support Infrastructure

TO establish, support, and maintain a modern and sound infrastructure of the Republic according to the needs and wants of its people.

NOTE


The most important part of any government set up for the people and by the people is for the people to be able to fairly elect their governmental representatives. This is so important that 12 this new Constitution assigns an entire Article to these elections. The provisions for elections are outlined in Article V below. This provision, Article 1, Section 5(a.), gives Congress the authority and power to ensure that Article V is always one of their main priorities.





e. Power to Regulate Copyrights, Patents, and Trademarks

TO promote the progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors, the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.

NOTE


This provision allows the people to have more control over how law enforcement deals with them. Article IV (Inalienable Human Rights), Section 4 of this new Constitution, details the desires of the people in relation to domestic law enforcement agencies. Whereas Article IV, Section 4, gives a blueprint of what the people expect, this provision gives Congress its authority and responsibility to act. The people do not need different law enforcement agencies with different agendas, protocols, egos, and jurisdiction. One Federal Law Enforcement Agency will work more efficiently. Because States lose their sovereign status and their ability to make and enforce a particular State’s own laws, Federal Law under this Constitution will become the law of the land for all Americans. Currently, various local, state, and federal agencies compete with each other and often do not cooperate, each trying to “one up” the other and show their worth. Burdened with bureaucracy, current law enforcement agencies struggle and often forget that they exist only to protect and serve the people. Eliminating the animosity and pride of the various law enforcement agencies will enhance law enforcement and will serve the people and not the pride and loyalty that agents and officers often feel for their local chapters.





f. Power to Declare War

TO declare War, and call for the Military to execute the laws of the Republic and protect this Constitution and its authorities from any insurrections or invasion, both domestic and foreign, and regulate the means of war to the discipline and adherence to humane principles, if such principles are possible.

NOTE


This allows Congress to call on the military to protect the interests and welfare of the people. It ensures that the decision to enter warfare of any kind against an enemy is not the decision of a dictator (the President will not have the authority to declare war). Because congressional action to declare war requires a consensus of unanimity, the possibility of entering an unnecessary and useless war is diminished. This also forces Congress to ensure that all wartime affairs maintain humane treatment of the perceived and/or real enemy.





g. Power to Support the Military

TO raise and support the four branches of the Military: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps; and TO assign their particular duties, and establish their protocols and proceedings. Congress shall have no power to appoint or command any branch of the Military, for any reason. TO provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Military, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the Republic. Congress shall cede to the President the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Military according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.

NOTE


This provision will not permit politicians to get rid of one of their own and replace that one with another of their own. The people will retain the right to elect the replacement. This will eliminate any politically motivated acts of impeachment and removal and protect the people’s rights to elect their Congressional Representatives and Judicial Officers.





h. Power to Establish One Federal Law Enforcement Agency

TO raise and support a single Federal Law Enforcement Agency whose jurisdiction shall not extend beyond the borders of the Republic, which border includes any of its holdings as acquired in compliance with Article I, Section 9(i.); and TO assign their particular duties, and establish their protocols and proceedings. TO give this Agency the necessary authorities and rights to protect and execute the laws of the Republic and this Constitution; TO determine a just punishment for any citizen of the Republic or for any foreign person who violates any law within the boundaries of the Republic. Congress shall pass no law granting immunity from punishment to any person, for any reason, at any time.

NOTE


This provision allows the people to have more control over how law enforcement deals with them. Article IV (Inalienable Human Rights), Section 4 of this new Constitution, details the desires of the people in relation to domestic law enforcement agencies. Whereas Article IV, Section 4, gives a blueprint of what the people expect, this provision gives Congress its authority and responsibility to act. The people do not need different law enforcement agencies with different agendas, protocols, egos, and jurisdiction. One Federal Law Enforcement Agency will work more efficiently. Because States lose their sovereign status and their ability to make and enforce a particular State’s own laws, Federal Law under this Constitution will become the law of the land for all Americans. Currently, various local, state, and federal agencies compete with each other and often do not cooperate, each trying to “one up” the other and show their worth. Burdened with bureaucracy, current law enforcement agencies struggle and often forget that they exist only to protect and serve the people. Eliminating the animosity and pride of the various law enforcement agencies will enhance law enforcement and will serve the people and not the pride and loyalty that agents and officers often feel for their local chapters.





i. Power to Allow Other Nations to Become Part of the Republic of America

TO extend the boundaries of the Republic and the protection of its laws to any foreign nation or entity, whose people, by the majority of their individual votes, desire to become part of the Republic. Any application to become part of the Republic must be made to Congress by the voice of the majority of that foreign people through legal and congressionally verified election results; TO support the implementation of American law in any part of the world where the Republic holds authority and jurisdiction by the will of the people of that area.

NOTE


America is not just a location of a government, but also an ensign of liberty and justice for all people of the earth. Of all the nations on Earth, America has presented the greatest image of freedom and opportunity. Except for a few Native Americans, American ancestry entails all other races and cultures of the world. Americans should not occupy another country for the sake of American interests. The people of other countries need to be respected for their rights and desires to live as they desire. However, if the majority of any people living anywhere upon Earth desire to become American, there will no longer exist a need for them to immigrate to America to enjoy its laws and freedoms. They can stay where they live and enjoy the benefits of American law and protection. If the people rise up against their current governments because of corruption and desperation, and the people desire an American form of government, this provision gives Congress the power to legally annex that nation according to the will of its people. This new concept will shake up current foreign governments to change the way that they treat their people. Knowing that at anytime their people could hold an election and vote to become part of America, and that American Congress has the power to hear and support the voice of foreigners, is a huge threat to corrupt governments. This provision requires Congress to make sure that a legal and fair election is held in that part of the world. Of course, no foreign government is going to support an election that threatens it. This new Congressional authority exists to help the people incorporate a new government once they have overthrown their current government.





j. Power to Create Laws to Protect the Constitution

TO make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the Republic, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

NOTE


In times of emergency when Congress will be required to spend more than 40 hours per week in session, they should be compensated appropriately, but not out of line with what the people, by law, make in the same situation. Congress will ONLY be paid outside of their regular salary, equal to the people, according to the laws that Congress establishes for overtime pay. Because Congress is guaranteed a salary, a provision must be included that compensates Congress when required to work longer hours than the people. “Only in times of national emergencies” keeps Congress from being compensated for staying late in session debating a bill that probably will not pass with a consensus of unanimity. If employees are allowed, they will justify the misuse of overtime hours that will increase their paycheck. This provision is fair to the person who works overtime but checks the reason for which the person is spending overtime hours. Any CEO of a for-profit company would ensure that the company is not losing profits to unscrupulous employees. The people of the Republic ARE the CEO of the Republic and their Representatives are their employees.





k. Power to Amend the Constitution

TO amend this Constitution by the consensus of unanimity.

NOTE


This allows Congress to amend the Constitution appropriately for the sake of the people according to the provisions of Article VI(b.) below, following the requirement for all Representatives and Senators to completely agree on the laws that they enact.





 
 

Section 10: Limits on Congress

Congress shall be limited in its powers according to the provisions and Articles described in this Constitution. Congress shall not have the power to supersede, at any time, the powers and authorities granted to it by this Constitution.

 

This provision establishes the power and significance of this Constitution and makes it very, very hard to amend the Constitution and establish laws that in any way bypass or circumvent the desires of the people who created this Constitution for themselves, by themselves, and of themselves.