Proposed Constitution

Hope for the future

ARTICLE I: THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (Part 2)

 

SECTION 2: Congressional Districts

a. Definition of Congressional Voting Districts

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





Districts within the Republic shall be determined according to the total number of registered voters, divided by 50 Districts. Congressional District boundaries shall be redefined every four years by automatic Digital Boundary Definitions determined after the people have registered to vote during each four-year term. Digital Boundary Definitions shall be defined by the number of registered voters and concomitant with their physical proximity according to Article V of this Constitution.

b. District Titles

Each District may preserve the title of its former State, a combination of all, or choose another title by majority election of its registered voters.

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





 

SECTION 3: The House

a. Number of Representatives

The House of Representatives of the Republic shall be composed of five hundred (500) Representatives, ten (10) from each District, and each Representative shall have one vote.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





b. Power of Impeachment

The House shall retain the power of impeachment, but no party shall be impeached without the concurrence of unanimity of the House as prescribed in Section 1(f.) of this Article.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





 

SECTION 4: The Senate

a. Number of Senators

The Senate of the Republic shall be composed of one hundred (100) Senators, two (2) from each District, and each Senator shall have one Vote.

NOTE


Within the Senate Chambers, a more microscopic examination of each bill can take place. A limited number of Senators allows a more intimate and complete debate—among 100 people vs. among 500. If a bill passes the House of Representatives, it is because it was unanimously accepted by the people’s Representatives. Having two more Senators from each District examine the bill will ensure the people that any law that controls their lives will have been discussed, debated, and thoroughly challenged. Because this Constitution eliminates Presidential veto power, due to the required consensus of unanimity by Congress, the Senate is the people’s last check and balance over the power to create laws. Having two Senators from each voting District will also fit well with the current Senate Chamber accommodations.





b. Power to Try Impeachments

The Senate shall retain the power to try all impeachments, whether of a Member of Congress, or of the President of the Republic, or of any Member of the Judicial Branch. The Senate shall receive and judge the evidence and findings of impeachment from the House of Representatives at trial. No impeached party shall be formally adjudged and convicted without the concurrence of unanimity of the Senate as prescribed in Section 1(f.) of this Article.

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





c. Punishment of Impeachment and Conviction.

Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than reprimand and censure by the Senate; it shall not include removal from office. The impeached party shall be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to the law.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





d. Removal from Office of the Impeached.

Upon impeachment and conviction by judicial trial, the people of the convicted Member’s District shall hold the exclusive power to elect such Member’s replacement during a legally convened election according to the power of Congress to call such election. The majority vote of the people of the Republic during a legally held election shall be the only power that can replace any Member, President, or Judicial Officer in the event of impeachment by Congress and conviction by judicial trial.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





 

SECTION 5: Elections

a. Establishment of Elections

Pursuant to Article V of this Constitution, Congress shall oversee and establish the proceedings, laws, the times, places, manner, and pay the costs of registering to vote and of the general elections.

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





 

SECTION 6: Rules of Proceedings and Adjournment

a. Congressional Self-rule

Each House shall determine the rules of its proceedings and adjournments, given that such rules are restricted to and comply with the authorities and powers granted by the Articles of this Constitution.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





 

SECTION 7: Congressional Assembly and Compensation

a. Full-time Employment Expectations

Congress shall be in session on a full-time basis in accordance with the same laws that determine the weekly and hourly minimums and maximums for the people of the Republic and according to the term limits established by this Constitution.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





b. Congressional Pay

Congress shall be paid an annual salary at a rate of two times that of the average annual income of the people of the Republic, and paid out of the Treasury of the Republic.

NOTE


This gives Congress the power to build roads, bridges, dams, canals, aqueducts, windmill farms, nuclear reactors, and whatever else is necessary to provide for the needs and wants of the people. No longer will the people be dependent on local governments to repair roads and ensure a quality supply of the utilities that make it easier to live. The bureaucracy of local governments is eliminated by the loss of power of each State and local government. Federal programs and authorities are much better financed and overseen than local administration. Federally funded programs have proven over time to be much more efficient and controlled than locally funded projects. A big part of this is the ability of the Federal government to create money to finance these projects. Furthermore, most State and local governments already depend on Federal funding for many of their projects. Without the infusion of capital into State and local programs, not much would get accomplished. Taking out the middleman (State and local governments) will reduce much of the red tape and bureaucracy and get things done more efficiently and timely. The people should not have to wade through a mess of politics to get action taken on their needs and wants.





c. Congressional Overtime Compensation

Only at times of national emergencies shall Congress be approved for overtime hours. Congress shall be paid an overtime hourly wage, in addition to their annual salary, commensurate with the average hourly overtime wage of the people of the Republic.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





d. Congressional Vacation and Sick Leave

Congress shall be allowed 30 days a year of paid vacation, and shall be provided the same amount of personal and sick leave that is granted to every person under the Republic by law prescribed by Congress.

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





e. Congressional Pensions

No Member of Congress shall receive a pension of any kind, at any time, for service in the Congress, unless the law equally provides such pension, of any kind, to all people of the Republic.

NOTE


Article IV of this Constitution provides the basic necessities of life to all humans within the boundaries of the Republic of America. To pay for these guaranteed goods and services, more money must be created and introduced into the economy. Whenever more money is created, inflation increases exponentially because the Free Market and Capitalism are based on supply and demand. The more people demand, the higher prices that businesses charge for their goods and services. Because the government will be demanding goods and services to provide for the basic necessities of life for the people, demand will increase; and greedy Capitalists will take advantage of the demand unless they are prohibited from doing so by law. This provision gives Congress the power to control the prices charged for the goods and services that support life; but, at the same time, it prohibits them from meddling in the affairs of the greed-driven positive effects of a Free Market economic system. Having their basic needs provided for will give the people more money to spend in the Free Market, which in turn will create more jobs and greater income to the people. Thus, there will be a greater demand based on the Capitalistic structure established for business and profit. For this reason, Congress will have no power to establish price controls that will impede the desire of Capitalism to do what it does best: create competition and advance technological evolution. (See details of Article IV below.)





 

SECTION 8: – Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Veto Power

a. Raising Revenue by Taxation

All Legislative Bills for raising revenue for the Treasury of the Republic, to pay for the debts of the Republic, shall comply with and support the tax code described in Section 9(a.) below. Congress shall not raise revenue by any other means.

NOTE


Within the Senate Chambers, a more microscopic examination of each bill can take place. A limited number of Senators allows a more intimate and complete debate—among 100 people vs. among 500. If a bill passes the House of Representatives, it is because it was unanimously accepted by the people’s Representatives. Having two more Senators from each District examine the bill will ensure the people that any law that controls their lives will have been discussed, debated, and thoroughly challenged. Because this Constitution eliminates Presidential veto power, due to the required consensus of unanimity by Congress, the Senate is the people’s last check and balance over the power to create laws. Having two Senators from each voting District will also fit well with the current Senate Chamber accommodations.





b. Veto Power over the Consensus of Unanimity

No other branch of government shall possess veto power over any Bill passed into law by the consensus of unanimity of Congress.

NOTE


Within the Senate Chambers, a more microscopic examination of each bill can take place. A limited number of Senators allows a more intimate and complete debate—among 100 people vs. among 500. If a bill passes the House of Representatives, it is because it was unanimously accepted by the people’s Representatives. Having two more Senators from each District examine the bill will ensure the people that any law that controls their lives will have been discussed, debated, and thoroughly challenged. Because this Constitution eliminates Presidential veto power, due to the required consensus of unanimity by Congress, the Senate is the people’s last check and balance over the power to create laws. Having two Senators from each voting District will also fit well with the current Senate Chamber accommodations.





SECTION 9: Powers of Congress

a. Tax Code

TO pay the debts and constitutional obligations under Article IV, and for the common defense and general welfare of the Republic, Congress shall be limited to a consumption-based tax rate in its power to establish laws that lay and collect taxes, not to exceed 20%, and based on the annual Gross Domestic Product of the prior year applied to the following economic algorithm: (GS*100) ÷ (GDP – GS); where GDP = Gross Domestic Product and GS = Government Spending

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





b. Creating Electronic Currency; the Elimination of a Cash-based Economy

TO fund the difference between the tax revenue and the Republic’s debts, Congress shall have the power to issue currency, fix the standard, measures, and regulate the value thereof, likewise that of any foreign currency in relation to American currency. All currency, its standards and measures, shall be of an electronic nature. Congress shall not have the power to coin or print money of any type. All financial transactions between the people of the Republic, or between them and any foreign entity, shall be of an electronic nature.

NOTE


The Senate’s role is to consider the accusation and, upon determining its validity, issue reprimands and censures of the politician, President, Judge, or attorney. If the Senate determines that the impeachment is appropriate and valid, the impeached will then be tried for the crime by the proper judicial authority and subject to the penalties associated with the crime. The Senate does not hold judicial power or authority beyond its power to try impeachments and issue such reprimands and censures.





c. Power to Regulate Inflation on Human Basic Necessities

TO regulate the inflation on the cost of the goods and services provided under Article IV, not to exceed 1.5% per annum. Congress shall have no power to regulate the inflation on any other goods or services.

NOTE


Article IV of this Constitution provides the basic necessities of life to all humans within the boundaries of the Republic of America. To pay for these guaranteed goods and services, more money must be created and introduced into the economy. Whenever more money is created, inflation increases exponentially because the Free Market and Capitalism are based on supply and demand. The more people demand, the higher prices that businesses charge for their goods and services. Because the government will be demanding goods and services to provide for the basic necessities of life for the people, demand will increase; and greedy Capitalists will take advantage of the demand unless they are prohibited from doing so by law. This provision gives Congress the power to control the prices charged for the goods and services that support life; but, at the same time, it prohibits them from meddling in the affairs of the greed-driven positive effects of a Free Market economic system. Having their basic needs provided for will give the people more money to spend in the Free Market, which in turn will create more jobs and greater income to the people. Thus, there will be a greater demand based on the Capitalistic structure established for business and profit. For this reason, Congress will have no power to establish price controls that will impede the desire of Capitalism to do what it does best: create competition and advance technological evolution. (See details of Article IV below.)





d. Power to Support Infrastructure

TO establish, support, and maintain a modern and sound infrastructure of the Republic according to the needs and wants of its people.

NOTE


This gives Congress the power to build roads, bridges, dams, canals, aqueducts, windmill farms, nuclear reactors, and whatever else is necessary to provide for the needs and wants of the people. No longer will the people be dependent on local governments to repair roads and ensure a quality supply of the utilities that make it easier to live. The bureaucracy of local governments is eliminated by the loss of power of each State and local government. Federal programs and authorities are much better financed and overseen than local administration. Federally funded programs have proven over time to be much more efficient and controlled than locally funded projects. A big part of this is the ability of the Federal government to create money to finance these projects. Furthermore, most State and local governments already depend on Federal funding for many of their projects. Without the infusion of capital into State and local programs, not much would get accomplished. Taking out the middleman (State and local governments) will reduce much of the red tape and bureaucracy and get things done more efficiently and timely. The people should not have to wade through a mess of politics to get action taken on their needs and wants.





e. Power to Regulate Copyrights, Patents, and Trademarks

TO promote the progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors, the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





f. Power to Declare War

TO declare War, and call for the Military to execute the laws of the Republic and protect this Constitution and its authorities from any insurrections or invasion, both domestic and foreign, and regulate the means of war to the discipline and adherence to humane principles, if such principles are possible.

NOTE


This gives Congress the power to build roads, bridges, dams, canals, aqueducts, windmill farms, nuclear reactors, and whatever else is necessary to provide for the needs and wants of the people. No longer will the people be dependent on local governments to repair roads and ensure a quality supply of the utilities that make it easier to live. The bureaucracy of local governments is eliminated by the loss of power of each State and local government. Federal programs and authorities are much better financed and overseen than local administration. Federally funded programs have proven over time to be much more efficient and controlled than locally funded projects. A big part of this is the ability of the Federal government to create money to finance these projects. Furthermore, most State and local governments already depend on Federal funding for many of their projects. Without the infusion of capital into State and local programs, not much would get accomplished. Taking out the middleman (State and local governments) will reduce much of the red tape and bureaucracy and get things done more efficiently and timely. The people should not have to wade through a mess of politics to get action taken on their needs and wants.





g. Power to Support the Military

TO raise and support the four branches of the Military: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps; and TO assign their particular duties, and establish their protocols and proceedings. Congress shall have no power to appoint or command any branch of the Military, for any reason. TO provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Military, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the Republic. Congress shall cede to the President the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Military according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.

NOTE


America is not just a location of a government, but also an ensign of liberty and justice for all people of the earth. Of all the nations on Earth, America has presented the greatest image of freedom and opportunity. Except for a few Native Americans, American ancestry entails all other races and cultures of the world. Americans should not occupy another country for the sake of American interests. The people of other countries need to be respected for their rights and desires to live as they desire. However, if the majority of any people living anywhere upon Earth desire to become American, there will no longer exist a need for them to immigrate to America to enjoy its laws and freedoms. They can stay where they live and enjoy the benefits of American law and protection. If the people rise up against their current governments because of corruption and desperation, and the people desire an American form of government, this provision gives Congress the power to legally annex that nation according to the will of its people. This new concept will shake up current foreign governments to change the way that they treat their people. Knowing that at anytime their people could hold an election and vote to become part of America, and that American Congress has the power to hear and support the voice of foreigners, is a huge threat to corrupt governments. This provision requires Congress to make sure that a legal and fair election is held in that part of the world. Of course, no foreign government is going to support an election that threatens it. This new Congressional authority exists to help the people incorporate a new government once they have overthrown their current government.





h. Power to Establish One Federal Law Enforcement Agency

TO raise and support a single Federal Law Enforcement Agency whose jurisdiction shall not extend beyond the borders of the Republic, which border includes any of its holdings as acquired in compliance with Article I, Section 9(i.); and TO assign their particular duties, and establish their protocols and proceedings. TO give this Agency the necessary authorities and rights to protect and execute the laws of the Republic and this Constitution; TO determine a just punishment for any citizen of the Republic or for any foreign person who violates any law within the boundaries of the Republic. Congress shall pass no law granting immunity from punishment to any person, for any reason, at any time.

NOTE


This provision creates a more service-minded attitude for those who are supposed to be serving the people. Although it would seem fair that the people’s Representatives only be paid the average wage that the people make, being compensated at two times the average income will give some incentive to people who would otherwise not serve in politics because of their desire to make a lot of money. Unfortunately, money will always play a motivating factor in how people serve. Whereas service implies a sacrifice that someone makes, wherein one gives something of themselves to aid another, America does not do well with unpaid service. There would not be a military if the rank and file were not compensated properly. One does not serve one’s country. One is paid by one’s country to do a job. This deeply American and natural human attribute requires a motivating factor commensurate with the demands of the intended job. One would think that wealthy Americans, who could afford it, would serve their country for a few years. Regardless of being motivated by money, the people need representatives in government. Today, there are many very educated people who do not even earn the average American wage (they are below it). These people need to step up and run for office, motivated by the fact that for at least four years, or eight if reelected, they will be compensated consistent with their past desire to make more money when they made the decision to go to college and receive a degree in the first place.





i. Power to Allow Other Nations to Become Part of the Republic of America

TO extend the boundaries of the Republic and the protection of its laws to any foreign nation or entity, whose people, by the majority of their individual votes, desire to become part of the Republic. Any application to become part of the Republic must be made to Congress by the voice of the majority of that foreign people through legal and congressionally verified election results; TO support the implementation of American law in any part of the world where the Republic holds authority and jurisdiction by the will of the people of that area.

NOTE


America is not just a location of a government, but also an ensign of liberty and justice for all people of the earth. Of all the nations on Earth, America has presented the greatest image of freedom and opportunity. Except for a few Native Americans, American ancestry entails all other races and cultures of the world. Americans should not occupy another country for the sake of American interests. The people of other countries need to be respected for their rights and desires to live as they desire. However, if the majority of any people living anywhere upon Earth desire to become American, there will no longer exist a need for them to immigrate to America to enjoy its laws and freedoms. They can stay where they live and enjoy the benefits of American law and protection. If the people rise up against their current governments because of corruption and desperation, and the people desire an American form of government, this provision gives Congress the power to legally annex that nation according to the will of its people. This new concept will shake up current foreign governments to change the way that they treat their people. Knowing that at anytime their people could hold an election and vote to become part of America, and that American Congress has the power to hear and support the voice of foreigners, is a huge threat to corrupt governments. This provision requires Congress to make sure that a legal and fair election is held in that part of the world. Of course, no foreign government is going to support an election that threatens it. This new Congressional authority exists to help the people incorporate a new government once they have overthrown their current government.





j. Power to Create Laws to Protect the Constitution

TO make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the Republic, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

NOTE


There is a general misunderstanding by the public in regards to exactly what “impeachment” means. Impeachment does NOT mean removal from office. Impeachment is a formal process in which an official is accused of an impropriety, the outcome of which may include the 11 removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment if a law has been broken. Accusations of impropriety will always exist among the people’s Representatives because of human nature. Jealousies, envying, ridicule, and dislike between Representatives is inevitable. There is a greater possibility that these emotions and accusations will exist proportionately to the number of people because intimate relationship and friendships are less likely to form in the larger group of the Representatives of the House. Thus, although one Representative might formally accuse a rival of an impropriety, the Senate, with less people, therefore forming closer relationships between Senators, will be more apt to weigh the accusation and determine its validity. Furthermore, the people should have the right to impeach their own representatives, the President, or any Judge, lawyer, or other member of the Judicial Branch that has power or authority over them. For example, if a local Judge is continually out of line, the people can contact their respective Congressional Representative of that area and petition to have the Judge impeached.





k. Power to Amend the Constitution

TO amend this Constitution by the consensus of unanimity.

NOTE


Impeachment does not mean removal from office. Impeachment is an official process used to reprimand or accuse a government official of wrongdoing. Congress must have the right and power to monitor and check itself. But it should not be given the power to remove a legally elected Representative from office. This right and power should always remain with the people. To keep one Representative from disagreeing and wanting to accuse another because of a personal vendetta, or one party attacking another, a unanimous vote of impeachment is required.





 
 

Section 10: Limits on Congress

Congress shall be limited in its powers according to the provisions and Articles described in this Constitution. Congress shall not have the power to supersede, at any time, the powers and authorities granted to it by this Constitution.

 

This provision establishes the power and significance of this Constitution and makes it very, very hard to amend the Constitution and establish laws that in any way bypass or circumvent the desires of the people who created this Constitution for themselves, by themselves, and of themselves.

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