Proposed Constitution

Hope for the future

ARTICLE I: THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (Part 1)

 

SECTION 1: The Legislature

a. Dissolution of States’ Rights and their Division 

No District or State shall possess sovereignty or legislative powers outside of those granted by the people of the Republic in this Constitution.

NOTE


Term limits will allow new and updated representation. There are many people who are very educated and have wonderful ideas about the needs and wants of society. Current representatives make Washington D.C. their home and primary concentration. Years of service in Congress acclimates the representative to political instead of constituent interests. Two houses are needed so that suggestions for laws and a productive debate thereof can take place. A larger House of Representatives can introduce laws and argue them on a broader scale; whereas a much smaller Senate can then debate the issue approved by the Representatives in more detail and with less peer pressure. Both Houses of Congress are vital to a productive and fair representation and argument of the people’s particular interests. Eliminating special appointments, commissions, offices, and other designations of lopsided power within Congress will ensure a more balanced discussion and debate of the issues across a broader spectrum of representation. There is no reason, except for personal desires for power and prestige, why Congress should not openly debate each issue and allow each Representative an opportunity to voice an opinion regarding its subject matter and effects.





b. Congressional Power to Establish Laws

Term Limits for the Legislative Branch.  All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress elected every four years by the people and limited to two terms each within any period of twenty consecutive years.

c. Requirement to protect Earth.

Legislative powers shall be restricted to acts and procedures in the establishment of laws that support the wants and needs of the people proportionate to the support of the natural laws of Earth and its environs.

NOTE


Two chambers where legislative bills (potential laws) can be properly argued with respect to and consideration for all representatives is crucial to a fair government for all. A bill is a citizen’s right to establish a law for a specific personal interest through fairly elected Representatives. The vast difference of opinion and selfish concerns of the citizens from different areas need to be considered. The House’s main role is to make sure that the proposed bill meets the needs of all people fairly and equally. The Senate’s main role is to look at the proposed bill in greater detail. The Senate members are fewer in number than the House and are able to discuss and argue the bill with deeper consideration. Because Congress will be forced (according to the provisions of this new Constitution) to pass a bill from each House with unanimity (see subsection f. below), no law will pass that is not fair to all people.





d. Houses of Congress

Congress shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

NOTE


Two chambers where legislative bills (potential laws) can be properly argued with respect to and consideration for all representatives is crucial to a fair government for all. A bill is a citizen’s right to establish a law for a specific personal interest through fairly elected Representatives. The vast difference of opinion and selfish concerns of the citizens from different areas need to be considered. The House’s main role is to make sure that the proposed bill meets the needs of all people fairly and equally. The Senate’s main role is to look at the proposed bill in greater detail. The Senate members are fewer in number than the House and are able to discuss and argue the bill with deeper consideration. Because Congress will be forced (according to the provisions of this new Constitution) to pass a bill from each House with unanimity (see subsection f. below), no law will pass that is not fair to all people.





e. Equality of Congress

Congress shall not choose Seats nor designate Officers. There shall be no Classes, Committees, Chairpersons, or Seats, of any kind, in Congress.  Each Member of Congress shall be equal to all other Members, regardless of tenure, age, ethnicity, gender, economic status, religion, or sexual orientation.

NOTE


Term limits will allow new and updated representation. There are many people who are very educated and have wonderful ideas about the needs and wants of society. Current representatives make Washington D.C. their home and primary concentration. Years of service in Congress acclimates the representative to political instead of constituent interests. Two houses are needed so that suggestions for laws and a productive debate thereof can take place. A larger House of Representatives can introduce laws and argue them on a broader scale; whereas a much smaller Senate can then debate the issue approved by the Representatives in more detail and with less peer pressure. Both Houses of Congress are vital to a productive and fair representation and argument of the people’s particular interests. Eliminating special appointments, commissions, offices, and other designations of lopsided power within Congress will ensure a more balanced discussion and debate of the issues across a broader spectrum of representation. There is no reason, except for personal desires for power and prestige, why Congress should not openly debate each issue and allow each Representative an opportunity to voice an opinion regarding its subject matter and effects.





f. Consensus of Unanimity

Without a consensus of unanimity among its elected Members, Congress shall pass no law incumbent on the people outside of those established by this Constitution. There shall be no law without the unanimous consenting vote of each Member of Congress, whether physically present at the time of the vote or not. Congress shall have the option of voting by proxy or electronically, as it may determine from time to time, is in the best interest of any particular Member, or the people of the Republic.

NOTE


Term limits will allow new and updated representation. There are many people who are very educated and have wonderful ideas about the needs and wants of society. Current representatives make Washington D.C. their home and primary concentration. Years of service in Congress acclimates the representative to political instead of constituent interests. Two houses are needed so that suggestions for laws and a productive debate thereof can take place. A larger House of Representatives can introduce laws and argue them on a broader scale; whereas a much smaller Senate can then debate the issue approved by the Representatives in more detail and with less peer pressure. Both Houses of Congress are vital to a productive and fair representation and argument of the people’s particular interests. Eliminating special appointments, commissions, offices, and other designations of lopsided power within Congress will ensure a more balanced discussion and debate of the issues across a broader spectrum of representation. There is no reason, except for personal desires for power and prestige, why Congress should not openly debate each issue and allow each Representative an opportunity to voice an opinion regarding its subject matter and effects.





g. Congressional Compensation

 Members of Congress shall receive for their services a compensation as described in Section 7 of this Article. Besides that salary and within the period of their elected term: prior to that period within five years, and subsequent to that period within ten years—no Member of Congress or anyone associated with a Member of Congress shall receive from the Republic or from any of its people, or from any domestic entity of any kind, or from any foreign person or entity of any kind—any present, donation, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatsoever. The provisions of this sub-section shall be construed consistent with the provisions of Section 1(l.) below.

NOTE


Term limits will allow new and updated representation. There are many people who are very educated and have wonderful ideas about the needs and wants of society. Current representatives make Washington D.C. their home and primary concentration. Years of service in Congress acclimates the representative to political instead of constituent interests. Two houses are needed so that suggestions for laws and a productive debate thereof can take place. A larger House of Representatives can introduce laws and argue them on a broader scale; whereas a much smaller Senate can then debate the issue approved by the Representatives in more detail and with less peer pressure. Both Houses of Congress are vital to a productive and fair representation and argument of the people’s particular interests. Eliminating special appointments, commissions, offices, and other designations of lopsided power within Congress will ensure a more balanced discussion and debate of the issues across a broader spectrum of representation. There is no reason, except for personal desires for power and prestige, why Congress should not openly debate each issue and allow each Representative an opportunity to voice an opinion regarding its subject matter and effects.





h. Congressional Conflict of Interest

 No Congressional Representative shall, during the time for which that Representative is elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority or compensation of the Republic which was created, or the emoluments whereof which were increased, during such time; and no person holding any civil office under or within the Republic, shall be a Member of either House during such civil officer’s continuance in authority and office.

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.





i. Age and Residency Requirements for Congressional Representatives

No person shall be a Representative 1) who has not attained the age of thirty-five years; and 2) who has not physically resided in a specified District for at least five years.

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.





j. Congressional Replacement Outside of Regular Elections

When vacancies occur in the representation of any District due to death, disability, impeachment, or removal from office for any reasons determined by Congress according to its authority as this Constitution allows, Congress shall prescribe the time, place, manner, and approve and support the cost of a new election by the previously registered voters in the District where the vacancy occurs.

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.





k. Congressional Immunity from Civil Suits and Harassment

Congressional Representatives shall in all cases—except treason, felony, breach of the peace, or violation of any of this Constitution’s Articles, or those of a personal nature involving domestic issues—be privileged from legal process service or arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place by any other person or authority outside of those appointed by this Constitution.

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.





l. Congressional Recognition of Any Person[s].

No Title of Nobility shall be granted to any person, for any reason, by the Congress, nor shall any person holding any office of profit or trust under this Constitution accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatsoever, from any king, prince, or officer of any foreign state.

NOTE


Term limits will allow new and updated representation. There are many people who are very educated and have wonderful ideas about the needs and wants of society. Current representatives make Washington D.C. their home and primary concentration. Years of service in Congress acclimates the representative to political instead of constituent interests. Two houses are needed so that suggestions for laws and a productive debate thereof can take place. A larger House of Representatives can introduce laws and argue them on a broader scale; whereas a much smaller Senate can then debate the issue approved by the Representatives in more detail and with less peer pressure. Both Houses of Congress are vital to a productive and fair representation and argument of the people’s particular interests. Eliminating special appointments, commissions, offices, and other designations of lopsided power within Congress will ensure a more balanced discussion and debate of the issues across a broader spectrum of representation. There is no reason, except for personal desires for power and prestige, why Congress should not openly debate each issue and allow each Representative an opportunity to voice an opinion regarding its subject matter and effects.





m. Congressional Website for Complete Transparency

Congress shall maintain an official website. Such website shall provide full transparency of all congressional actions and activities, except those that might impede or affect national security as Congress may determine and prescribe with the concurrence of the President. Such website shall be updated on a daily basis and kept current within 24 hours of the preceding day. Such website shall be clear and understandable to the majority of the people.

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.





n. Congressional Oath

Before Members of Congress assume the execution of their office, each shall take the following Oath or Affirmation: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully serve the people of the Republic of America, and I will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of this Republic.”

NOTE


Transparency is the concept of the people knowing exactly what Congress is doing at all times. Just as an employer would want to know what their employees are doing and how they are doing it, the people deserve the right to know, and more importantly, understand what and how Congress is doing to represent them in government. Current congressional rules and laws make it virtually impossible for the average person to follow what goes on in Congress. For one of many examples, a “filibuster” is a tactic used by Representatives to stall votes and basically waste time. If an employer found out that an employee was filibustering, thereby wasting time for no good reason, that employee would be fired. If the people knew what a filibuster was and how it is used, they would be outraged; yet a filibuster is just one of many tactics currently used by a two-party Congress that is basically self-serving and useless to the majority of the people. Total transparency of all congressional action, presented in a way so that most people can understand, is the only way for the people to be able to make informative decisions in upcoming elections as candidates run with different agendas.